Geography of Jeonnam
located in the south-western part of Korea, in Northeast Asia.
Jeollanamdo faces China across the ocean to the west and Japan to the south-east, which makes it a hub of Northeast Asia, a starting point of Europe and Asia, and a gateway to the Pacific Ocean.
Rivers flowing across Jeollanamdo provide fertile farmlands by creating vast plains southwest and northwest of the river basins. There are three primary rivers in the region: Yeongsangang River, which flows into Mokpo Bay; Seomjingang River, which originates in Jeollabukdo and flows down the eastern mountainous terrains in Jeollanamdo and Jeollabukdo; and Tamjingang River, which flows through Jangheung-gun and Gangjin-gun. Regarding the plains of Jeollanamdo’s, Naju Plain in the Yeongsangang River basin and Honam Plain in Jeollabukdo are some of Korea’s most prominent granaries.
- Located in the south-western part of the Korean Peninsula
- Peaks of the Sobaek Mountain Range bordering Gyeongsangnamdo to the east
- Low hilly terrains of the Noryeong Mountain Range bordering Jeollabukdo to the west
- “East High West Low" and “North High South Low”
- Terrain is more alpine to the east than to the north
- Heavily indented coast in south-western area
- With 2,165 islands, comprising 65% of the entire Korean islands. (Source: Ocean & Ports Division (2017))
Administrative Districts and Population of Jeonnam
5 cities, 17 counties (gun), and 297 eups, myeons and dongs. Land area is 12,345.21㎢ (12.3 % of the entire country) and sea area is 26,450㎢ (37.3% of the entire country).
Clean Natural Environment
Jeollanamdo is a productive land with optimal natural conditions for the eco-friendly era, and boasts mother-like warmth and excellent natural healing powers.
The concentration of negative ions of oxygen in Jeollanamdo, also known as “vitamins in the air”, is 8 times higher than that of the country’s capital (at 1,736 ions/㎤ compared with 200 ions/㎤) and the quantity of hazardous heavy metals in Jeollanamdo is 1/30 of the environmental standards requirements.
Clear and Mild Climate
Jeollanamdo receives 2,138.8 hours of sunshine on average per year, slightly higher than the national average of 2,122.5 hours. The average temperature is 14℃, higher than the national average of 12.9℃.
Clean and Healthy Water
Spring waters in Jeollanamdo are affluent with minerals (calcium, magnesium, and potassium), germanium, and selenium, which enhance anti-cancer functions, immunity, salvation, and physiology.
Highest Solar Radiation in Jeollanamdo
Solar radiation in Mokpo-si, Jeollanamdo is 5,110MJ, 10% higher than that of the national average (and 20% higher than the capital area), making for an optimal site for photovoltaic generation.
Global Marine Resources
Jeollanamdo is home to the majority of islands in Korea, the longest coastlines, and the largest mudflats, along with marine spaces 2.2 times as wide as its land size, various marine ecosystems, and sufficient marine resources.
- Sea: 26,450㎢ (accounting for 37.3% of 71,000 ㎢ in Korea)
- Coastlines: 6,743 ㎢ (accounting for 45% of 14,963 ㎢ in Korea)
- Mudflats: 1,037 ㎢ (accounting for 41.7% of 2,489 ㎢ in Korea, one of the five largest mudflats in the world)
- Islands: 2,219 (accounting for 65.1% of 3,409 islands in Korea)
※ 296 inhabited islands (487 in Korea), 1,923 uninhabited islands (2,922 in Korea)